Bright Morning Planets Bookend Stellar Spectacular

Picture Caption – Venus, Jupiter, Mars, Mercury, Regulus, October 15, 2015.

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by Jeffrey L. Hunt

Chicago, Illinois:  Dawn, 6:59 a.m. CDT; Sundown, 6:14 p.m. CDT.  Test native sources for dawn and sundown instances. Instances are calculated by the US Naval Observatory’s MICA pc program.

Picture Caption – Annular Eclipse 2012

In two days, an annular or ring eclipse is seen from a path throughout the western and southwestern U.S.  The moon is close to apogee, the farthest level in its orbit, and it doesn’t utterly cowl the solar.  On the most eclipse a hoop of daylight surrounds the moon. 

Chart Caption – 2023, October 14: The view of New York Metropolis’s photo voltaic eclipse at its most.

From throughout the western hemisphere a partial eclipse is seen.  From New York Metropolis, the solar is 23% coated at 1:22 p.m. EDT.

Summaries of Present Sky Occasions
Abstract for Venus as a Morning Star, 2023-24

Right here is at the moment’s planet forecast:

Morning Sky

Chart Caption – 2023, October 12: Venus, the crescent moon, and Leo are within the jap sky throughout morning twilight.

Two morning planets, Venus and Jupiter bracket the Milky Method’s Orion area that’s within the southern sky earlier than dawn.

At one hour earlier than sunup, sensible Venus is 30° up within the east-southeast, 3.4° under Regulus, Leo’s brightest star.  The Morning Star continues to step eastward towards the distant starfield.

Regulus is on the backside of a form resembling a backwards query mark, often called the “Sickle of Leo.”  The sample is a westward-facing Lion that we see in silhouette. The animal’s haunches and tail are made by a triangle to the decrease left of Regulus.  Denebola, the Lion’s tail, dots the triangle’s jap vertex.

This morning, the crescent moon, 5% illuminated, is over 10° above the jap horizon and 10.0° to the decrease proper of the tail star.

Chart Caption – 2023, October 12: Jupiter is within the west-southwest earlier than dawn.

Brilliant Jupiter is lower than midway up within the west-southwest, 12.5° to the left of Hamal, Aries’ brightest star, and 11.2° to the higher left of Menkar, a part of Cetus.  The planet retrogrades, seems to maneuver westward towards the starfield, and approaches an imaginary line from Hamal to Menkar.

The Pleiades star cluster, a part of Taurus, is sort of 18° above the planet.  The stellar bundle is on the western excessive of the intense Orion congregation. The Bull’s head is made by vibrant Aldebaran and the Hyades star cluster.

Chart Caption – Mid-October: The intense stars of the Orion area are within the southern sky earlier than dawn.

Orion, the flagship constellation of the area, is about midway up within the west-southwest with vibrant stars Betelgeuse and Rigel. This space of the sky has six of the ten brightest stars seen from the mid-northern latitudes.  Sirius, evening’s brightest star, is over 30° up within the southern sky, however barely east of the south cardinal path.

Procyon, a part of Canis Minor, is over midway up within the sky to the higher left of Sirius.  Discover that Sirius, Betelgeuse and Procyon make practically an equilateral triangle, often called the Winter Triangle.

Castor and Pollux, the Gemini Twins are larger within the sky, to the east of Auriga’s pentagon form.

Sirius made its first morning look throughout August, whereas the Twins and Auriga appeared earlier in the summertime season.  Every morning, they’re barely farther westward.

If you’re searching for Jupiter through the early night, the Pleiades are within the sky at the moment.  By early winter, Orion’s area is within the jap sky after sunset.  Throughout February, the stellar meeting is within the south through the early night.  Close to mid-spring, Orion leaves the sky throughout night twilight, returning to the jap sky throughout early summer season mornings.

The constellation Orion rises into view through the early night hours of February every year.

Use a binocular to discover the intense stars’ colours from rosy to sapphire, the intense star clusters, and the Orion nebula, under the Hunter’s belt. To see the gaseous cloud, maintain the binocular in order that the belt stars are on the prime of the sphere of view.  The nebula is to the underside left, showing as a greenish hazy patch.  Even with the optical help, the colours within the lovely images don’t seem.

This morning Mercury, coming off its finest morning look of the 12 months, hides in vibrant predawn twilight.  It rises solely thirty minutes earlier than the solar.

Night Sky

Mars will not be seen.  It units about thirty minutes after the solar.

Chart Caption – 2023, October 12: Saturn is within the southeastern sky after sunset.

Saturn, not as vibrant as Venus or Jupiter, is sort of 30° above the southeast horizon at one hour after sundown.  It retrogrades in entrance of Aquarius, 7.1° to the left of Deneb Algedi, Capricornus’ tail.

Search for Fomalhaut, the Mouth of the Southern Fish, about 20° under Saturn.

Saturn will not be a lot to see via a binocular, maybe a tiny extension of the rings could be seen. By way of a telescope at round 80x magnification, the rings are simply seen.  With the rings, the planet seems to be in regards to the diameter of a quantity two pencil eraser held at arm’s size.

You probably have not had a possibility to have a look at the Ringed Marvel via a telescope, discover a telescope occasion at a neighborhood science museum or astronomy membership.  Higher but, persuade the neighborhood sky watcher to point out you Saturn via their telescope.

Jupiter rises sixty-four minutes after sunset.  About an hour later, the Jovian Big is over 10° above the jap horizon.  As midnight approaches, it’s over midway up within the east-southeast.  At this hour, Orion is above the jap horizon.  Tomorrow morning the intense morning planets once more bookend the intense stars within the Orion area.

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