North Korea’s space launch program and long-range missile projects

SEOUL, Nov 21 (Reuters) – North Korea has notified Japan of a plan to launch a rocket carrying an area satellite tv for pc between Nov. 22 and Dec. 1, which might be the third try by Pyongyang to place a navy spy satellite tv for pc in orbit after two failures this yr.

In September, North Korean chief Kim Jong Un met Russian President Vladimir Putin, who mentioned throughout a tour he gave of a contemporary house launch station that Moscow would assist Pyongyang construct a satellite tv for pc.

The next is a timeline of North Korea’s house program, satellite tv for pc launches and improvement of rocket know-how.

Aug. 31, 1998: North Korea begins its house program by launching a Kwangmyongsong-1 satellite tv for pc on a Paektusan rocket from the Tonghae Satellite tv for pc Launching Floor close to the east coast. Pyongyang declares it a hit, however U.S. officers say it broke up over the Pacific Ocean.

April 5, 2009: Then-leader Kim Jong Il oversees the launch of the Kwangmyongsong-2 satellite tv for pc from the Tonghae advanced, however it once more fails and crashes within the ocean. State media recommend that 14 North Korean troopers had been killed throughout the launch.

April 13, 2012: The Kwangmyongsong-3 satellite tv for pc is launched from the newly accomplished Sohae Satellite tv for pc Launching Station within the western area. Overseas media are invited to look at the launch, which as soon as once more is unsuccessful.

Dec. 12, 2012: North Korea efficiently launches a second model of the Kwangmyongsong-3, placing an object in orbit. Whereas the North claims it to be an statement satellite tv for pc, it isn’t believed to hold a functioning transmission system.

April 2013: North Korea establishes the Nationwide Aerospace Improvement Administration (NADA) which purports to pursue house exploration for peaceable functions.

Feb. 7, 2016: North Korea launches a satellite tv for pc. The US calls it a disguised check of an engine highly effective sufficient to launch an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). Worldwide observers say the satellite tv for pc seems to be below management, however there’s lingering debate over whether or not it despatched any transmissions.

Aug. 24, 2016: Hyon Kwang-il, director of scientific analysis at NADA, says “our aerospace scientists will conquer house and undoubtedly plant the flag of North Korea on the moon.”

June 23, 2016: North Korea says it efficiently examined an intermediate vary ballistic missile (IRBM), with a variety of two,000 to three,400 miles (3,200-5,400 km).

July 4, 2017: North Korea assessments an ICBM for the primary time, which it says has the potential to achieve the continental United States. The missile, Hwasong-14, is examined once more three weeks later.

Jan. 13, 2021: Throughout a celebration congress, Kim Jong Un reveals a want checklist that features creating navy reconnaissance satellites.

Dec. 19, 2022: North Korea says it has performed a “remaining section” check for the event of a spy satellite tv for pc on the Sohae launch station.

March 16, 2023: North Korea test-launches the Hwasong-17 ICBM, its greatest missile, which some analysts consider incorporates know-how for house launch autos.

Could 25, 2023: Building and preparations on the Sohae launch station are transferring ahead at a “exceptional tempo,” a U.S.-based suppose tank says.

Could 29, 2023: North Korea notifies Japan and the Worldwide Maritime Group of a plan to launch a satellite tv for pc between Could 31 and June 11.

Could 31, 2023: North Korea makes an attempt to launch a reconnaissance satellite tv for pc, however the rocket plunges into the ocean.

July 5, 2023: South Korea’s navy says it retrieved the wreckage of the spy satellite tv for pc from the ocean, and located it had no significant navy use as a reconnaissance platform.

Aug. 22, 2023: North Korea notifies Japan it would launch a satellite tv for pc between Aug. 24 and Aug. 31 and the rocket will fly over the waters west of the Korean peninsula, the East China Sea and the Pacific.

Aug. 24, 2023: North Korea makes a second try and put a spy satellite tv for pc in orbit, however it fails when the rocket booster experiences an issue. North Korea’s spy company says it was not a significant situation and vows to strive one other launch in October.

Sept. 13, 2023: Putin says Moscow will assist North Korea construct satellites throughout a tour he offers to Kim Jong Un of Russia’s fashionable house station in japanese Russia. Neither chief elaborates.

Nov. 21, 2023: North Korea notifies Japan of its plan to launch a satellite tv for pc between Nov. 22 and Dec. 1, which might be the third such try, in accordance with Japan’s Coast Guard.

Reporting by Jack Kim, Josh Smith and Ed Davies, Enhancing by Rosalba O’Brien

Our Requirements: The Thomson Reuters Belief Ideas.

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